Each generation in a tribe confronted numerous challenges it had to successfully meet, if the nation was to survive. These included clan obligations, religious relationships, camp work, acquiring stories, and so on. To acquire the vital necessary learning, the cultures put sophisticated systems in place for the tribe to utilize. These duties were rooted in their special perspective on the nature of humans and of the environment. The ancients considered themselves part of the natural world. They believed everything came from the same source thus a bear, wolf or fish was our brother or sister and part of the evolutionary tree for a purpose. A bear being a relative is far more likely to be treated with kindness then an object, most urbanized people have become - disconnected from their brother A Tribe members life was shared with all creation in a common world. As they examined the natural world, they discovered in nature its marvellous detail of how it functioned. Each tribe reproduced habits of the species they observed so they to lived with the flow. In other words each 'fine' of the tribe replicated an animal's teachings into tribal life & some began to see the written history of these animal gods in the stars as well. All ancient mythology is but symbolism for a sort of Genealogy of the Tree of Life.
Magnificent Celtic World Tree bridged with the Milky Way as its massive
roots that extended down to the Earth., is also what was considered to
be the origin of all peoples, each symbolized by an animal sitting in
the tree. Each tribe was a descendant from these animals brothers or
gods or a particular tree, river and so on. And just as the animals were
sacrificed in the circle of life, so were they. But all came from the
World tree, even the winds and other trees. So many tribes chose the
tree, animal, constellation, or mountain that they would most see, as
being their Mother or Father God. Whether the tribe was Japanese,
Indian, 1st nations and so on, we are all from the one tree. Some tribes
had a turtle instead of tree, but all mean the same thing. This is what
comprises the ancients universe and understanding of its powers. We can
see with this tree, in the Welsh Celts of the Arthurian cults who used
his court warriors to help Culhwch (Kul oo k) finding the ancient
animals to look for Mabon - blackbird, Stag, owl, eagle, and salmon.
Ysbaddaden (pronounced - (Is ba thad'n) - which means Chief Giant.)
gives Culhwch several tasks in order to win his daughter Olwen (means
"white footprint" because she left white flowers where she walked). It
is my opinion, giving the knowledge that the Celts well into the Roman
times had Tree Gods they were descended from, that Ysbaddaden might have
been the world tree - "Chief Giant" tree, though I cannot prove this
theory. The Blackbird replaces the Hawk in Norse myths.
In the Norse Tree
Norse decided on the frost giants (being the giants (possibly huge
planets) of fire and ice in the voice or sea space who break up and
become earth and planets but they too came from the tree with the
rainbow bridge (milky way), and in its branches were also the similar
main ancient animals of creation which included an eagle and it's
knowledge, a hawk called Vedrfolnir, a squirrel called Ratatosk who runs
up and down through the ash tree and carries malicious messages between
the eagle and Nidhogg. There are also Four Stags run in the branches of
the ash which feed on the foliage and represent the four directions.
Their names are: Dain, Dvalin, Dunyr, Durathror. Again all these
constellations can be found in the sky. The hawk sits atop the eagles
head in the sky.
Dain (dormant) - one of the 4 deer constellations
in the branches of the World Tree, an elf name who most likely gave
birth to the elves.
Dvalin (sleeper) - one of the 4 deer
constellations, a dwarf name and the 2nd smallest deer is most possible
the ancestor of the Dwarves.
Duneyr (drooping-ears) - the second largest of the deer - could be the ancestor to whomever mythical creature had drooping ears.
Durathror (sluggish beast) - the largest of the deer. Another constellation long forgotten.
(gnaw-tooth) - the squirrel constellation. Is the main stars in
Cassiopeia, with his feet, body and two stars for its tail visible.
the eagle constellation, unnamed among the Norse but whose name we find
as "Garuda" in Hindu mythology. Some called it the swan. (We call it
Elyrch (which means swan in Pwkatta - pronounced Eleerpuh)
Vedrfolnir (wind-parched) - constellation for the hawk upon the eagle's head.
(poison biter) - constellation of a serpent at the foot of Yggdrasill's
root. The constellation some say is the same as Scorpius, who resides
just at the base of the tree's root. But I read too many others that say
the snake is like energy coiled & can move up and down the tree. It
is the bridge to otherworld knowledge with sheds its skin and begins
anew in each phase of learning.
In a poem called "Grimnismal",
there are four stags on the bottom roots, and four harts at the top
boughs, making 8 turns of the wheel. An eagle at the top of branches and
a snake at the bottom. (The eagle is now seen as Cygnus the swan in
One tells of the thunder god Thor helping out the hero
Aurvandil by carrying him in a basket back from the frozen north. On the
way his toe slipped out and became frost bitten, so Thor broke it off
and threw it up into the sky to form a star.
An Anglo-Saxon (Celtic /Scandinavian tribe) version of Aurvandil is Earandel, meaning 'morning star'.