Magic spells are still practiced today, and have a long range of practice in our history. They have been used by men called sorcerers during the Dark Ages, because of increased superstition at that time. As we have just mentioned, though, they are still used today through many different groups and organizations.
There are various types of magic spells provided by different cultures that achieve different tasks. Some say that magic spells are separated into two different main categories, as they can be either white or black. White magic is said to be used to help a person or help the spell caster. Black magic is used to harm or cause the caster to have mind control over someone else. These two are disputed as legitimate categories by many, though, as modern magic practitioners say that magic can not be good or bad (as many theories of black and white magic claim) but can only be related to the intentions of the caster. And to add to the theory that magic is not black and white are spells like levitation, as those spells clearly are not to help or harm anyone.
An example of a spell of the white magic category would be a spell of luck. There are many spells of luck available to a sorcerer who wishes improvement in this area, and these spells require a variety of movements, speech, relative times, or materials. One spell for good luck requires a full moon, and is a spell said in the honor of Lady Luck. There are other variations of luck spells as well. One requires the caster to simply focus energy into their arms, put their arms together, then release them and rub them all over the body, and this spell promises good luck to the spell caster.
There are also examples of black magic such as the nightmare branch of magic spells. Nightmare spells can be used to negate nightmares, in order to help one sleep or just keep one from scary nightmares. But for black magic purposes, nightmare spells or chants are used to induce an enemy with nightmares. These often require candles and a picture of the enemy. These spells are said to cause immense torment on the target, and if they are cast multiple times they have the ability to cause injury and even death.
Different cultures are linked to different types of magic. The voodoo practiced in some areas of Haiti is known to be linked with the dark magic arts. This includes spells that are said to harm others, such as resurrecting the dead to assassinate one's enemies, or even the well-known voodoo dolls that are also used for harm.
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